Ancient Roman Sarcophagus Restored and on Display

Posted 3rd March 2017

Part of an ancient Roman sarcophagus, which had been used as a water feature and a flowerpot here at the Palace for almost 200 years, has been fully restored and put on public display.

The 1700-year-old marble coffin was originally obtained by the 5th Duke of Marlborough some time in the 19th century and was initially used to collect water from a natural spring near to the Great Lake. It was then incorporated into a rock garden early in the 20th century, where it had remained until recently.

Following a thorough investigation it was identified as the front of a white marble sarcophagus, and is covered with extremely fine bas-relief carvings depicting a drunken Dionysus leaning on a satyr and flanked by ‘party revellers’ including Hercules and Ariadne and two large lion heads.

A team of conservators from Cliveden Conservation were brought in to carefully lift the marble section, which measures close to two metres in length and weighs in excess of 400 kilograms, and take it to their workshop to be restored.



Ancient Roman Sarcophagus Restored and on Display
Ancient Roman Sarcophagus Restored and on Display


Nicholas Banfield, who oversaw the restoration, said:

“The piece is actually in remarkable condition considering it has withstood seemingly aggressive environments; particularly that of a fountain receptacle. Following an initial in-situ inspection we were able to unbolt it from the lead cistern to which it was attached and take it back to our workshops for full cleaning, repair and stabilisation.”

Nicholas and his team safely returned the restored marble fragment back to Blenheim Palace where it is now on public display inside the Palace itself.

“We are delighted to have it back and the restoration work undertaken by Nicholas is very impressive. Now it is in a consistent indoor climate away from the natural elements we are hoping it will remain in good condition and survive for many more centuries to come,” said Kate Ballenger, House Manager at Blenheim Palace.

There are no records to indicate whether the sarcophagus was a gift or purchased by the 5th Duke and where it originally came from.

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