John Churchill was born on 26th May 1650, to Winston Churchill and his wife Elizabeth Drake. Churchill, a royalist, had been fined heavily by Oliver Cromwell at the end of the Civil War, but the family’s fortunes took a turn for the better when Charles II was restored to the throne.
In 1665, Winston Churchill’s eldest daughter, Arabella (John’s sister), became Maid of Honour to Anne Hyde, the Duchess of York. Some months later she was joined by John, as page to the Duchess' husband, James. This in turn led to the start of John’s brilliant military career and under the sovereignty of Queen Anne he defeated the French at the Battle of Blenheim,cduring the War of Spanish Succession. It was this victory that secured for John Churchill the means to build a monument to his military prowess and also gave rise to our name.
In February 1702, Queen Anne came to the throne. John's wife, Sarah, was a close friend of the new Queen, and the Marlborough fortunes began to rise.
Churchill was given the Order of the Garter and made Master of the Ordnance – and on the 14th of December 1702, he became the 1st Duke of Marlborough. Shortly afterwards he left to lead the long campaign against the French, known as the War of Spanish Succession.
It was his success at one of the ensuing battles - the Battle of Blenheim - that saw the Duke of Marlborough rewarded with Woodstock Manor with its 2,000 acres and the means with which to build what became Blenheim Palace.
Plan de visite et informations
Karte & Informationen für Besucher
Mapa e información para el visitante
Карта и информация для посетителей